Functional wood burned and hand drilled bee house.
This bee house has different size holes to provide a place for different species of bees to reproduce and gather pollen and nectar for their young. After laying eggs, the adults die, leaving a new generation to take over. They will come back year after year.
The entryways have also been burned because the darker holes attract bees.
Mason bees and some other bee species do not use hives like honeybees. In nature, they place their eggs in holes drilled by beetles or woodpeckers. The bees will also use spaces between roof shingles or other narrow openings around the garden.
After bees mate, the female places eggs in the tubes. Each egg is separated by nectar and pollen—it is at this time that the bees’ pollen-gathering also pollinates plants. After the pollen and nectar is placed, the female places a mud plug in the tube, then repeats the process with more eggs, pollen, nectar and plugs. When the tube is full, she finishes with a heavy mud plug and her work is done. In the spring, the mature bees emerge from the tubes. Males exit first. Females emerge after males because the eggs are placed deeper in the tubes. This is a protective measure, assuring a good female population to help keep the species going.
Mounting the Bee House:
The Bee House should be placed against a flat surface and located in an area protected from high winds. The front of the house should have a south or southwest exposure where it will get the most sun in winter to keep bees warm.